以下为英语四级仔细阅读真题,题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读真题:

  Section C

  Forgot Something Again? It‘s Probably Just Normal Aging

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is
followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them
there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should
decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer
sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  January 4, 2016

  Passage One

  Patti Neighmond

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know
the risk of dementia increases with age。 But if you have memory
lapses, you probably needn‘t worry。 There are pretty clear differences
between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know
the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have
memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear
differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  After age 50, it‘s quite common to have trouble remembering the
names of people, places and things quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner,
chief of the division of cognitive and behavioral neurology at Brigham
and Women’s Hospital in Boston。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the
names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of
Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts
shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning,
memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication
between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced
as arteries narrow。 Simply put, this exquisitely complex organ just
isn‘t functioning like it used to。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts
shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning,
memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication
between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced
as blood vessels narrow。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example,
is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or
don‘t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner
says。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example,
is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or
don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner
says。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that‘s “a red flag
that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate
a familiar object like a microwave oven or forgetting how to drive to
the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs
something is wrong。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag
that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate
a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to
the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs
of something going wrong。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn‘t panic。 There are
many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health
problems like sleep apnea, high blood pressure, or depression, as
well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter
remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many
things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health
problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or
depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even
over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory
loss。

  You don‘t have to figure this out on your own。 Daffner suggests
going to your doctor to check on medications, health problems and other
issues that could be affecting memory。

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by
building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by
building up your brain‘s cognitive reserve, Daffner says。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that
force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your
brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because
exercise is a known brain booster。

  “Read books, go to movies that challenge, take on new hobbies or
activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other
words, keep your brain busy and working。 And get physically active,
Daffner says, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about
memory slips?

  来源:新东方

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

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