2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行

  Passage Two

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读解析:

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下是英语四级第二套卷的阅读试题解析:

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  Section C

  四级阅读Section C第二套

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one
of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The
Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in
Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class
included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not
know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in
all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they
seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is
followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them
there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should
decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer
sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Passage Two

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in
1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and
White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious
ships on the water。

  Passage One

  51。

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of
naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be
so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on
the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it
was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。
The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg
in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in
1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  C。 They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept
running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship
designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually
just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of
these ship sank, they were all designed with double hulls (船体)
believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to
the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end。

  46。 Living in an urban area with
green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental
well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a
green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or
promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew
White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study
showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs
of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he
said, “for example, 47。 people do many
things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay
rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things
is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original
baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable;
they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some
lottery  winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was
definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to
the baseline。”

  [定位] the three Olympic class ships 定位到第一段

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to
serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。
Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of
the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted
to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive
effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also
disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used
data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of
Essex。

  [解析]文中最后一句提到,but they seemed cursed to suffer
disastrous
fates但他们似乎都被厄运所诅咒,与选项C对应,它们都遭受了不幸。选项A偷梁换柱,文中说的是they
were marvels of sea engineering而不是 they performed,BD选项无中生有。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that
even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike
many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green
spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated
better。

  52。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban
green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White
said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the
trouble is who funds it。 50。 what we
really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come
from to help support good quality local green spaces。”

  B。 The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  [定位]White Star Line 定位到第二段。

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

  [解析]文中提到WSL decided to focus on making them the most
luxurious ships on the
water这个人打算把它们打造成水上最豪华的船只。选项ACD都是关于船只的航行能力而非奢华程度,选项B乘客能享受到的最舒服的服务,与原文相近,所以选B。

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  53。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the
three ships?

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

  A。 It was a mere piece of decoration。

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

  [定位]根据fourth stack定位到文中第四段。

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves
happier?

  [解析]文中提到but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in
nature and served no functional purpose但fourth
stack实际上只是艺术品而没有实际的功能。因此答案选A基本上只是装饰品。BCD选项无中生有。

  C)Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  A) Earn more money。 C) Gain fame and popularity。

  54。

  D)The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。

  D。 The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener
urban area?

  [定位]根据tragic of Titanic and Britannic定位到第四段最后一句。

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  A) How it affects different people。 C) How long its positive
effect lasts。

  [解析]文中提到they were all designed with double hulls
两艘沉船都设计成了双船体,人们认为它们是不可能沉没的,紧接着作者说,这个错误的想法可能导致了两个悲剧的发生。因此答案选D认为双船体的结构不可能沉没的想法可能导致了悲剧的发生。选项ABC未提到,无中生有。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people
physically。

  55。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a
green environment?

  D。 She was retired after her naval service。

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  A) Their stress was more apparent than real。

  [定位]Olympic in the end定位到最后一段。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the
Britannic?

  B) Their decisions required less deliberation。

  [解析]文中提到Eventually, she was taken out of service in
1935最终解除服役,选择答案D。选项AC文中都有提到,但不符合题目“in the
end”的要求。选项B无中生有。

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