三篇写作考查学生对正面现象/话题的分析能力,空格填名词

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空解析:

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级解析:

  Section A

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。
You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of
choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage
through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank
is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for
each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You
may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Section A

  整体评述:

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for
smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the
American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the
United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty
Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find
the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the
state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes
top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts
and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。
You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of
choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage
through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank
is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for
each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You
may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  今年的写作题目总体较为简单,试题沿袭2017年12月考的开放式题型,题意理解上没有设置障碍,直接在题干中出现了主题词,一套为阅读的重要性,一套为语言表达能力,一套为写作能力。这些话题都是和大学生平时生活学习息息相关的话题,所以很容易发散思路。三篇写作考查学生对正面现象/话题的分析能力。其实这次的考题在近十年的写作考题中是有迹可循的,2013年6月考的图画作文第二套就考查到了阅读文学的重要性。此外,有了2017年12月刚考过的考题基础,谈论措施的话术考生也不陌生,总的来说,本次写作难度不大,第一段点出主题,说明主题词的重要性,第二段分析原因,为什么重要,第三段写建议措施,如何培养这些能力,按照总分总的三段式展开即可。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of
technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing
systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what
Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few
months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield
minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be
able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including
offices。

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for
smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the
American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the
United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty
Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find
the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the
state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes
top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts
and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  第一套

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。
Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs
on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the
city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work”
days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of
technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing
systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what
Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few
months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield
minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be
able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including
offices。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a
short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it。
You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。

  [评述]

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。
Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs
on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the
city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work”
days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  College life opens a new chapter for students。 As we enter the new
stage, it is impossible for us to ignore some basic abilities needed in
college。 Reading ability, from where I stand, is the most significant
one among them。

  选词填空的解题技巧第一步将选项根据词性分类,这道题中考查名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。因此将单词分类之后,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,名词通过简单判断单复数形式,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。同样,仔细阅读解题的关键仍然与我们强调的一致,找准定位,选项与原文内容一一比对,排除各类干扰选项后,做对题目并不是很难。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  Why, you may wonder, should we attach great importance to reading
ability? For one thing, in order to make outstanding achievements in
the field of our study, students have to read hosts of books, papers
and documents related to professional knowledge。 For this reason,
extensive and efficient reading becomes particularly important。 For
another, reading broadens our horizon and enriches our campus life,
which will exert profound influence on our future。 Therefore, we,
especially youngsters, cannot emphasize reading ability too much。

  [答案]

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  Since reading ability plays a pivotal role in our daily life, it is
high time that colleges should provide students with relative courses to
enhance their reading skills。 Meanwhile, it is imperative that we
actively pay frequent visit to the libraries or bookstores to cultivate
our reading competence。 As Francis Bacon once said, reading makes a
full man。 Only through reading can we acquire more knowledge and live
up to the precious time of youth。

  26。 M pollutants

  C) consequence K) intended

  PartⅡ Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

  27。 N restricted

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  这样的听力解析还不如不解析,都是些零散的信息点

  28。 C consequence

  E) creating M) pollutants

  解析

  29。 J innovation

  F) detail N) restricted

  News Report1: 漂流瓶被发现并归还

  30。 F detail

  G) domestic O) sum

  Q1:新闻主要内容;

  31。 K intended

  H) frequently

  Q2:为什么给reward?信守承诺

  32。 L outdoor

  答案:

  News Report2:蜜蜂死了

  33。 B collaborating

  26 pollutants

  Q3:spring operation的原因?寨卡病毒

  34。 I inhabitants

  27 restricted

  Q4:关于Flower Town Bee Farm说了什么?被毁,损失巨大(2.5M bees)

  35。 E creating

  28 consequence

  News Report3: 世界最大的飞机首航

  [解析]

  29 innovation

  Q5:关于第一次飞行?大约2小时,卡灵顿起飞,高度3000feet,一系列gentle
turns

  26。 答案M

  30 detail

  Q6:为什么US government不用飞机做spy?预算砍了

  解析:介词of后填名词,根据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  31 intended

  Q7:优势over huge jet planes?可以装heavier loads

  27。 答案N

  32 outdoor

  Long Conversation1:

  解析:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“仅限于…,限制在…”。

  33 collaborating

  出门活动:1。看电影,气候变化的电影,女的不喜欢;2。西班牙dance,时间来不及;3.comedy
评论家觉得好看/4。最终决定明天去看dance

  28。 答案C

  34 inhabitants

  Q8:女的关于climate change什么看法

  解析:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a
consequence,表示“因此”。

  35 creating

  Q9:为什么不去西班牙dance

  29。 答案J

  来源:新东方

  Q10:评论家觉得comedy怎么样

  解析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,创新。

  作者:兰州学校新东方李逸飞老师

  Q11:明天干嘛

  30。 答案F

  Long Conversation2:

  解析:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。

  女生对于转学焦虑,因为比其他人年轻,课后活动能改善,说可以帮助她,室友:三人,其中一人是新来的

  31。 答案K

  Q12:为什么焦虑

  解析:固定搭配be intended to,表示“打算,意图”。

  Q13:鼓励女生做什么

  32。 答案L

  Q14:男士承诺会做什么

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选择outdoor,表示户外的。

  Q15:室友Bree如何

  33。 答案B

  Passage1:

  解析:结合时态和固定搭配collaborate with,表示“合作”。

  Hunger的动力,远超恐惧,口渴,社交需求;mice的实验饥饿比渴哪个影响大;饿的时候会去危险的地方,吃饱了就呆笼子里;饿的时候离开同伴去找吃的;

  34。 答案I

  Q16:mice实验目的

  解析:空前所有格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants居民为正确选项。

  Q17:什么情况会让mice去不安全的地方

  35。 答案E

  Q18:最后关于mice说了什么

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项正确。

  Passage2:

  Section B

  美国的highway system,one of the best in the
world,early1920s;national defence,move
troops;1944国会通过升级提案但没给钱;1950s开始建;要足够高能让trailer携带飞弹通过;1974大部分完成

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with
ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information
given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the
information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。
Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking
the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

  Q19:作者说highway system如何

上一页
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
11
下一页

  Q20:建highway system最初目的是什么

  Q21:什么时候完成的

  Passage3:

  开车发短信,美国年轻人,major cause of death;smart
wheel;检查是否始终双手握方向盘,有声音和灯提示两手未握方向盘,恢复后停止;APP家长可以知道孩子的开车情况

  Q22:年轻人road death 的主要原因

  Q23:什么是smart wheel

  Q24:如果司机只用一只手握方向盘会怎样

  Q25:家长怎么track孩子的开车情况

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  整体评述:

  2018年6月的四级考试中,就阅读这个单项,难度与以往基本持平。就选词填空这一部分而言,与我们在课上所讲解的解题技巧相一致。第一步将选项根据词性分类,第一套题今年名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。因此将单词分类之后,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,名词通过简单判断单复数形式,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。同样,仔细阅读解题的关键仍然与我们强调的一致,找准定位,选项与原文内容一一比对,排除各类干扰选项后,做对题目并不是很难。

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。
You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of
choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage
through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank
is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for
each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You
may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。
Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American
Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United
States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty
Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find
the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the
state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes
top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts
and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of
technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing
systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what
Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few
months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield
minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be
able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including
offices。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。
Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs
on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the
city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work”
days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  26。 M pollutants

  27。 N restricted

  28。 C consequence

  29。 J innovation

  30。 F detail

  31。 K intended

  32。 L outdoor

  33。 B collaborating

  34。 I inhabitants

  35。 E creating

  26。 答案M

  解析:介词of后填名词,根据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  27。 答案N

  解析:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“仅限于…,限制在…”。

  28。 答案C

  解析:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a
consequence,表示“因此”。

  29。 答案J

  解析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,创新。

  30。 答案F

  解析:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。

  31。 答案K

  解析:固定搭配be intended to,表示“打算,意图”。

  32。 答案L

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选择outdoor,表示户外的。

  33。 答案B

  解析:结合时态和固定搭配collaborate with,表示“合作”。

  34。 答案I

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