尤其是英语名言,想要取得托福写作高分

  托福写作是托福考试中的一部分,托福写作对大家的要求是比较高的,想要取得托福写作高分,大家还需要掌握一些论证方法。一起看看小编给大家整理的内容吧。

  1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言

1.To indicate a contrast:

图片 1图片源于网络

  有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!

however on the other hand in contrast
alternatively on the contrary conversely
in comparison rather in fact
another possibility better/worse still but
despite this notwithstanding in spite of
nevertheless for all that yet
all the same instead although

  方法一:举实例

  原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是8,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?

2 .To provide an illustration:

  举实例是在文章主体部分最常用也是最实用的方法!而且这也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  经典句型:

for example as follows that is
that is to say for instance say
in other words namely such as
chiefly mainly most importantly
typical of this/such notably one such
including especially not least
a typical/particular/ key example in particular

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  A proberb says, “ You are only young once。” (适用于已记住的名言)

3.To extend a point:

  I cannot bear it。

  It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever.
(适用于自编名言)

similarly equally indeed in addition
in the same way in addition likewise
too besides also
above all as well furthermore

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it。

  更多经典句型:

4.To show cause and effect/conclusion:

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it。 That is to say, I cannot put up
with it or I am fed up with it。

  As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

so therefore accordingly
thus hence then
it follows that for this reason this implies
in this/that case consequently because of this/that
this suggests that in conclusion in short
to conclude In brief in all
it might be concluded from this
accepting/assuming this
resulting from/ in consequence of this
as a result/ consequence
owing to/due to the fact that
accepting/assuming this

  方法二:擅用“换言之”

  2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计

  1. To show the next step:

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。

first(ly) second(ly) to begin/start with
lastly last but not least ultimately
first and foremost finally another
then after next
afterwards third(ly)
first and most importantly in the first/second place

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

  I am enthusiastic about you。 That is to say, I love you。

  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students
wanted to further their study after their graduation。

  I am wild about you。 In other words, I have fallen in love with
you。

  看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:

  更多短语:

  Honesty

  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。

  方法三:作比较

  Travel by Bike

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through
comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  Youth

  相似的比较:

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?

  相反的比较:

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead,
nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  更多句型:

  运用上面三种常用的丰富文章主体的方法,同学们在今后的考试中一定能将苍白空洞的文章变得生动丰富,并且可以吸引到阅卷考官的注意。

  A recent statistics shows that …

  众所周知,托福写作对大家的要求是比较高的,想要取得托福写作高分,大家还需要掌握一些论证方法。

  结尾万能公式:

  方法一:举实例

  1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论

  举实例是在文章主体部分最常用也是最实用的方法!而且这也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good
manners arise from politeness and respect for others。

  I cannot bear it。

  如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it。

  更多过渡短语:

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it。 That is to say, I cannot put up
with it or I am fed up with it。

  to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

  方法二:擅用“换言之”

  更多句型:

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议

  I am enthusiastic about you。 That is to say, I love you。

  如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!

  I am wild about you。 In other words, I have fallen in love with
you。

  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the
problem。

  更多短语:

  这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?

  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

  更多句型:

  方法三:作比较

  Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken。

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken。

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through
comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  写作的“七项基本原则”:

  相似的比较:

  一、长短句原则

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:

  相反的比较:

  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to
meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the
intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar。

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead,
nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!

  运用上面三种常用的丰富文章主体的方法,同学们在今后的考试中一定能将苍白空洞的文章变得生动丰富,并且可以吸引到阅卷考官的注意。

  强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  本文转自JT_Education的博客,点击阅读全文

  二、主题句原则

  新浪声明:此消息系转载自新浪博客,新浪网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述,文章内容仅供参考。

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

  实习编辑:王雨欣 责任编辑:赵润琰

  特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!

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